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    illustration of the sun shining through a dark forest

    The Legend of Heliopher

    A Tale by Maxim Gorky

    By Retold by Hardy Arnold

    March 3, 2021

    Available languages: Deutsch, español, 한국어

    • Forrest Schultz

      I read The Legend of Heliopher by Maxim Gorky. A good story which is reminiscent of C. S. Lewis's story The Silver Chair, in which case the darkness is in an underground place, and where people there believe the story of an above ground where the sun shines is a myth.

    • SM Kozubek

      Good story. Reminds me of the story of Moses leading his people out of the desert.

    • Ryan Albosta

      I think the necessity of sacrifice in the salvation of humanity is indeed tragic, but it is a reality. In my mind, this stems from both God's requirement of perfect justice; I.e., payment of sin, and from the incredible witness that self sacrifice gives to those who would doubt the sincerity or truth of one's message.

    • Deborah

      BEAUTIFUL ! I've been enjoying these posted stories deeply ! The best site!

    • Jim Deal

      What a great story! I'm going to use it as part of an Easter Sunrise worship service!

    • Ted Kraynick

      The point of the fable is beautiful however it always both sickens and bewilders me that salvation of people always seems to pin itself onto mortal human sacrifice. This includes the Easter story as well. Is this purely coincidental or is the sad sick truth our humanity depends on our mortal inhumanity. People always take these sort of stories in a Pollyanna way. Denying the horrible sick bloodshed as if it was really of no consequence. Why is this? Really a sad grotesque reality.

    Originally published on June 17, 2014.

    Once upon a time there was a people that was lost in a great, dark forest. The trees stood so close together that the light of the sun could not penetrate the thickly entwined branches. There were also numerous wild animals which fell upon the people, especially the children when they wandered too far from their parents while they were playing. So everyone lived in constant fear of death and destruction, and a hopeless despair took hold of the hearts of the folk.

    Continuous darkness had strangled all the light in their hearts. They could not love one another any more. They even hated and murdered one another in their rage. Yet they were forced to remain together, for it was impossible for any single man to defend himself against the attacks of the wild beasts. They had lost all hope of ever finding their way out of the forest. Many of the young people refused to believe in the light they had never seen, and they mocked their elders, when, with a last weak light gleaming in their dim eyes, they recounted tales of the festive, sunny days of their youth.

    woodcut of hands holding light

    Artwork by Lisa Toth

    Among the people, however, there was a young man called Heliopher. He was very much alone, grieving over the misery of his people and seeking a way of salvation. He bore in his heart an endless longing for light and love in the desolation which surrounded him. Heliopher left his people to seek the sun. For many months and years he wandered through the dangers of the forest and of his own soul, and often, very often, nearly lost all hope and confidence. But Heliopher bravely withstood his enemies, whether within himself or around him, and at last he reached the edge of the forest and saw the light of the sun. In terrible amazement he fell into a swoon, and when he awoke he saw in the twilight that he was watched over in his slumber by beautiful people. In the green meadows stood the simple huts of the sun-people, and Heliopher lived with them in peace and endless joy as the most beloved amongst them.

    Then Heliopher went back to the forest to seek his people. “Come, brothers and sisters,” he said to them, “I will lead you to the light.” At this there was murmuring and frowning, wavering and hesitation, wonder and questioning, incredulous laughter, and finally a jubilant “Yes!” And then, at last, the longed-for departure.

    Then the light of the sun shone in Heliopher’s eyes, but the way was long and difficult, and demanded much suffering and sacrifice, and murmuring arose among the people. Some spoke and said, “Let us murder him, the betrayer of the people!” And the dark glow of hatred was in their eyes. Others were wiser and said, “No! Let us judge him in the presence of all, for it is dangerous to give the people a martyr.” And Heliopher spoke to his people, and talked about light and love. But the wise ones answered, “You lie! There is no light, there is no sun, there is no love. Let us be darker than the forest and more cruel than the wild beasts. Then we shall be masters of the forest!”

    Heliopher answered in great pain, “O believe not, ye wise men, that ye can be victorious over darkness by being more dark, that ye can overcome the wild beasts by being more beastly. Only love is stronger. Only the light of the sun can drive away darkness.”

    “Be silent!” said the wise men. “There is no light, there is no sun!”

    And the people shouted, flinging their arms about in raging despair, “There is no light, there is no sun!”

    But Heliopher called out, “Follow me!” And with his nails he tore open his breast, and his heart burned with love, and it glowed and shed its beams through the dark forest. Then he took it in both hands, held it high over his head, and strode forth in front of the people.

    In reverent wonder and silence the multitude followed the burning heart.

    And the people went in jubilation toward the sun and danced in its loving rays, and they loved one another. But Heliopher knelt down at the edge of the forest, and with the last strength of his outstretched arms he held up his loving, pulsing heart to the light of heaven, and gave his last smile to his people.

    This story, first published in Plough’s Winter 1938 issue, is based on Maxim Gorky’s story “The Flaming Heart of Danko,” which appears in Easter Stories: Classic Tales for the Holy Season (Plough, 2015).

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