Christian de Chergé

Christian de Chergé

Christian de Chergé: a Story of Forgiveness

Posted Monday, February 28, 2011

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Five years ago, we ran this article about Christian de Chergé, a remarkable peacemaker featured in our e-book Why Forgive? Now his gripping story has been brought to life in a new medium: as a major motion picture by French director Xavier Beauvois called Of Gods and Men.  The film (in French, with English subtitles) has just been released.

Through James Christensen, the prior of a Trappist monastery in Rome, I recently learned of a remarkable story of someone who not only forgave his persecutors, but did so before the fact. In May 1996, the GIA, a radical Muslim faction active in Algeria, kidnapped seven of James’s fellow Trappists in the Atlas Mountains and threatened to hold them hostage until France released several of their own imprisoned compatriots. Several weeks passed, and still the French government refused. In the end, the GIA killed the monks by beheading them.

All France was horrified, and every Catholic church in France tolled its bells at the same time in the monks’ memory. What struck me most about the tragedy, however, was something that had quietly foreshadowed it two years before. The prior of the Algerian monastery, Christian de Chergé, had had a strange premonition that he would soon die a violent death, and wrote a letter forgiving his future assassins, sealed it, and left it with his mother in France. Opened only after his murder, it read in part:

If it should happen one day – and it could be today – that I become a victim of the terrorism that now seems to encompass all the foreigners living in Algeria, I would like my community, my church, my family, to remember that my life was given to God and to Algeria; and that they accept that the sole Master of all life was not a stranger to this brutal departure.

I would like, when the time comes, to have a space of clearness that would allow me to beg forgiveness of God and of my fellow human beings, and at the same time to forgive with all my heart the one who will strike me down.

I could not desire such a death; it seems to me important to state this: How could I rejoice if the Algerian people I love were indiscriminately accused of my murder?

My death, obviously, will appear to confirm those who hastily judged me naïve or idealistic: “Let him tell us now what he thinks of it!” But they should know that…for this life lost, I give thanks to God. In this “thank you,” which is said for everything in my life from now on, I certainly include you, my last-minute friend who will not have known what you are doing…I commend you to the God in whose face I see yours. And may we find each other, happy “good thieves” in Paradise, if it please God, the Father of us both.

Who was de Chergé, and what was the source of his deep convictions regarding peace and forgiveness? According to a book about his religious order, The Monks of Tibhirine, it all began in 1959, when de Chergé was sent to Algeria with the French Army’s “pacification” forces. While there he befriended Mohammed, a Muslim policeman, and together they took weekly walks to discuss politics, culture, and theology. One subject that came up again and again was the tense relationship between Algeria’s Christians (its French colonizers) and Muslims (its native population). On one of these walks, a squad of Algerian rebels ambushed the two men. De Chergé, wearing his army fatigues, was sure his end had come. Then Mohammed stepped in between his friend and the attackers and told them to leave de Chergé alone: “He is a godly man.”

Amazingly, they let both men go. But this act of bravery cost Mohammed his life: he was found murdered in the street the next day. The episode gripped de Chergé for days—and completely changed his life. He decided to commit himself to God and to the cause of peace. When his tour of duty ended he returned to France and entered a Trappist monastery. Later he studied to become a priest and asked to be transferred to an Algerian base. This wish was granted and he moved back to Africa, eventually becoming the ecclesiastical head of a rural district in the Atlas Mountains.

As abbot, de Chergé made decisions that his overseas superiors saw as unusual and even unwise. Instead of simply evangelizing, he offered the locals employment, medical care and lessons in literacy and French. He also organized an annual interfaith summit to promote Muslim-Christian dialogue. He even invited Muslims to stay at the compound of Notre-Dame dé Atlas, his monastery. By this, de Chergé aimed to show the world that Muslims and Christians can live together under one God or Allah. As he explained it, “the only way for us to give witness is… to be what we are in the midst of banal, everyday realities.

Over time, despite de Chergé’s efforts—or perhaps because of them?— the GIA grew angry with the Trappists, whom they saw as meddlers. So it was that they were finally kidnapped, held hostage, and murdered. To many people, the death of de Chergé and his fellow monks proves the worst stereotypes of Islam. But to him it was the expected cost of being a peacemaker.

To me, it is a stark reminder of the work that must be done worldwide (in many places, it is questionable if it has even begun) to spread the healing message of forgiveness. In a time when so many people are willing to die in ongoing armed conflicts between the “Christian” West and the “menace” of Islam—whether in Iraq, Afghanistan, Algeria, or anywhere else—where are there men and women who are willing to die for the sake of peace? Certainly de Chergé was one of these. To quote once more from his remarkable farewell letter:

I know the caricatures which a certain Islamic ideology encourages and which make it easy for some to dismiss the religion as hateful…But such people should know that at last I will be able to see the children of Islam as He sees them—He whose secret joy is to bring forth our common humanity amid our differences.

Download Why Forgive? as a free ebook.

Comments

Das Denken und Beispiel de Chergés sollte in der ganzen Welt bekannt gemacht werden.

Jesus was killed, by those who "know" the law & His own, so that humankind may be saved from hell fire. This tragedy I pray & believe will definitely draw diehard fanatics to Jesus thd Prince of peace. God bless

Thank you very much for your article,it is very encouraging. We should always be reminded that those hurting us and others, they do so because they are themselves hurting people, so we shouldn't consider them our enemies but rather victims of our common enemy.Time will come in our spiritual growth to realize who we are in Christ and understand that we are there not to fight back but to free those victims out of the hand of the enemy or at least have pity on them.

The de Cherge mentioned in your article was Christian's father, an army officer, who had befriended the Algerian man. Also, the monks were not, as you wrote, "evangelizing". They were not there to to recruit or convert muslims - they could not do that after Algerian independence from France. What they were doing as Trappist Monks- besides helping the villagers in a multitude of ways - was living in poverty and silence and devotion to God.

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